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A service of the Illinois State Library and the Office of the Illinois Secretary of StateILLINOIS DIGITAL ARCHIVES

 

Lincoln and Lincoln-Related Documents from the Illinois State Archives

   
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  1. Bill introduced in Illinois legislature concerning an "Act providing for the election of a Public Binder"
    Act provides for the election of a Public Binder to bind all laws, journals, and other publications of the legislature. Lincoln writes an amendment to the bill on one sheet. [HB121]

  2. Bill introduced in Illinois legislature for relief of the clerk of the circuit court in Sangamon County
    One sheet, all in Lincoln's hand. Also included is an amendment to this bill. One sheet, all in Lincoln's hand. [HB272, 1838/1839]

  3. Bill introduced in Illinois legislature supplemental to charter of the Springfield and Alton Turnpike Company
    Lincoln writes a supplement to the original charter of the Springfield and Alton Turnpike Company authorizing it to take certain railroad property for its use, to become bonded for protection against damages, and to appoint commissioners. Two sheets, title and sections 4 and 5 in Lincoln's hand. [HB 192, (actually HB 201)]

  4. Bill introduced in Illinois legislature to authorize a survey therein named
    Instructions given to strike out everything after the enacting clause and insert new language to the bill. [Misc. SB 5; HJ 1838/39, pp. 563-564]

  5. Bill introduced in Illinois legislature to authorize certain state debtors to discharge their indebtedness in Illinois internal improvement scrip
    Lincoln writes bill authorizing certain debtors to pay bond debt with Illinois Internal Improvement Scrip. [HB 140]

  6. Bill introduced in Illinois legislature to authorize purchase of a house for the use of the Governor
    Bill authorizes the Auditor of Public Accounts to purchase a house and lot in Springfield for use by the Governor of Illinois. One sheet, all in Lincoln's hand. [HB 229]

  7. Bill introduced in Illinois legislature to authorize the Collector of ____ County to collect taxes
    Bill drawn specifically to collect taxes due in a portion of Sangamon County which was incorporated in Menard as anticipated, Lincoln left the county name blank in order for the select committee to decide which county (Sangamon or Menard) should function. Filed with 200210 (A bill relative to the taking of depositions, and to the Collector of Menard County). [HB1, 1839/1840]

  8. Bill introduced in Illinois legislature to dissolve the bonds of matrimony between Nathaniel B. and Sarah Martin
    Lincoln reported the bill for divorce between Sarah Martin and her husband, Nathaniel B. Martin, from the select committee of the House, HB 232. One sheet, all in Lincoln's hand.

  9. Bill introduced in Illinois legislature to establish a state road from Peoria to Hendersonville
    "A bill for an act to establish a state road from Peoria to Hendersonville." Includes names of appointed commissioners to locate the road and their method of reporting. [HB 140, 10th GA, 1st Session]

  10. Bill introduced in Illinois legislature to establish a state road from Peoria to Pekin
    Lincoln writes sections 1-4 and John T. Stuart, sections 5-6 of "A bill for an act to establish a state road leading from Peoria to Pekin to the state road leading from Springfield to Peoria."

  11. Bill introduced in Illinois legislature to establish a state road from Petersburg to Waverly
    The bill provides for the appointment of commissioners, the location of the road, and method of reporting on the final location of a road from Petersburg to Waverly. [HB 117, 11th GA, 2nd session]

  12. Bill introduced in Illinois legislature to extend corporate powers of the president and trustees of the town of Springfield
    Although written by Lincoln, the bill was introduced in the Senate by Archer G. Herndon of Sangamon County. The bill became law and may be found in Laws of Illinois, 1837 (Special Session) , 94-95. [HJ 1837, special spession, pp. 60, 88; Laws 1837, p. 84]

  13. Bill introduced in Illinois legislature to legalize survey and town plat of Mount Auburn
    The survey and town plat of Mount Auburn as surveyed by the Logan County Surveyor is legally accepted as if surveyed by the Dane County Surveyor. One sheet, all in Lincoln's hand. [HB 136, 11th GA, 2nd session]

  14. Bill introduced in Illinois legislature to limit jurisdiction of justices of the peace and constables
    One sheet, all in Lincoln's hand, except amendment. [HJ 1838/39, pp. 87, 302, 326]

  15. Bill introduced in Illinois legislature to organize the county of Van Buren
    A bill for an act to create a new county called Van Buren north of Sangamon. Five sheets in Lincoln's hand. Includes amendments by Lincoln. [HB 17, 1836/37]

  16. Bill introduced in Illinois legislature to permanently locate the seat of Illinois government
    Bill establishes the procedure for selecting a permanent seat of Illinois government. It reapeals an act entitled "An act permanently to locate the seat of government of Illinois", approved February 7, 1837. [SB 117]

  17. Bill introduced in Illinois legislature to permanently locate the seat of Illinois government, amendment
    Bill establishes the procedure for selecting a permanent seat of Illinois government. It reapeals an act entitled "An act permanently to locate the seat of government of Illinois", approved February 7, 1837. This document is the amendment to the bill. Amendment in Lincoln's hand. [SB 117]

  18. Bill introduced in Illinois legislature to permanently locate the seat of Illinois government, amendments, not agreed to
    Bill establishes the procedure for selecting a permanent seat of Illinois government. It reapeals an act entitled "An act permanently to locate the seat of government of Illinois", approved February 7, 1837. This document contains the amendments that were not agreed to. [SB 117]

  19. Bill introduced in Illinois legislature to provide for payment of interest on public debt
    The bill provided for the sale of Illinois Interest Bonds to pay the interest of the public debt. One sheet, all in Lincoln's hand. HB6 found in Laws of Illinois, 1841, pp. 165-66.

  20. Bill introduced in Illinois legislature to relocate a part of a state road leading from Springfield to Lewiston
    Original draft of a bill to relocate a portion of the state road between Springfield and Lewiston further north to the residence of John Jones. [HB 221, 10th GA, 1st Session]

  21. Bill introduced in Illinois legislature to supplement "An act for the relief of insolvent debtors"
    Two sections written to supplement an 1829 act for the relief of insolvent debtors provide for a Justice of the Peace to perform the duties of the judge of the Probate Court during a judge's vacancy or absence. [HB 9, 9th GA, 2nd Session]

  22. Bill introduced in Illinois legislature to supplement "An act to erect certain bridges, approved January 22, 1831", or "A bill for an act to allow Knox County to benefit from the State Bridge Act."
    Knox County is to benefit from "An act to erect certain bridges" under certain conditions. All in Lincoln's hand.[HB 281, 10 GA, 1st Session]

  23. Bill introduced in Illinois Legislature to supplement act establishing the counties of Menard, Logan, and Dane
    Dane later called Christian County. [HB 340, 1838/1839]

  24. Bill introduced in the Illinois legislature concerning Schuyler County
    Lincoln wrote this bill for Jacob Vandeventer to incorporate the county of Schuyler. Bill makes provisions for county election to determine divison of the county and defines the borders of the new county. [HB 23, 9th GA, 2nd Session]

  25. Bond for Benjamin S. Enloe as warden of state penitentiary
    Official bond, Lincoln's signature. Endorsed March 13, 1837.

  26. Bond for Charles Oakley as Fund Commissioner
    The document carries a total of fifty-one signers, including the names of the persons named in the bond proper. Official bond, Lincoln's signature.

  27. Bond of Charles Gregory as Illinois State Treasurer
    Bond for Charles Gregory as Illinois State Treasurer. Lincoln was one of the sureties & his signature is on the bond. [Filed January 2, 1837.]

  28. Bond of Charles R. Matheny as county clerk of Sangamon County
    Official bond for Charles R. Matheny as county clerk of Sangamon County. Lincoln is one of the sureties.

  29. Bond of sundry citizens of Springfield under the provisions of the 4th section of an "Act to permanently locate the seat of government of Illinois"
    Official bond. Lincoln's name does not appear on this bond, names of prominent Springfieldians appear.

  30. Bond of William Butler as clerk of the circuit court of Sangamon County

  31. Certificate of appointment of Hart Montgomery as Deputy Postmaster at Pekin
    President Lincoln appoints Montgomery Deputy Postmaster at Pekin, Illinois for a four year term. Lincoln and Secretary of State Seward sign the document.

  32. Certificate of qualification, certifying Lincoln's election as representative to the General Assembly, 1834
    Charles R. Matheny, Clerk of the County Commissioners Court of Sangamon County, certifies that Abraham Lincoln was elected to the Illinois legislature from Sangamon County, according to the election returens on file in the Clerk's office.

  33. Certificate of qualification, certifying Lincoln's election as representative to the General Assembly, 1836
    Charles R. Matheny, Clerk of the County Commissioners Court of Sangamon County, certifies that Abraham Lincoln was elected to the Illinois legislature from Sangamon County, according to the election returens on file in the Clerk's office.

  34. Certificate of qualification, certifying Lincoln's election as representative to the General Assembly, 1838
    Charles R. Matheny, Clerk of the County Commissioners Court of Sangamon County, certifies that Abraham Lincoln was elected to the Illinois legislature from Sangamon County, according to the election returens on file in the Clerk's office.

  35. Certificate of qualification, certifying Lincoln's election as representative to the General Assembly, 1840
    Noah Matheny, Clerk of the County Commissioners Court of Sangamon County, certifies that Abraham Lincoln was elected to the Illinois legislature from Sangamon County, according to the election returns on file in the Clerk's office.

  36. Checks received by Lincoln for service as a Representative in the General Assembly
    Photocopies and originals of checks received by Lincoln for service as a Represenative in the General Assembly.

  37. Circuit court transcript in Wren v. Moss et al.
    The transcript of the Peoria County Circuit Court proceedings of Aquilla Wren's suit against his wife, Clarissa Wren, for divorce contains a complete record of the 1843 case at the circuit court level. The jury found Clarissa guilty of adultery and granted the divorce. Additional details about this case may be found in The Law Practice of Abraham Lincoln: Complete Documentary Edition.

  38. Connecticut resolutions on the subject of domestic slavery
    This resolution, from the Connecticut House of Representatives, states that they consider the subject of domestic slavery in the Southern states is within the control of those States and that the federal government, or other States, should not interfere with their respective internal policies. They aver that such interference would be a direct violation of the rights of the States, as well as the Constitution of the United States.

  39. Cooper Institute speech
    Lincoln delivered this speech on February 27, 1860 at the Cooper Insitute in New York. It examined the views of the 39 framers of the Constitution on the question of controlling slavery in the territories. Lincoln noted that the majority of them believed that Congress should control, and prevent the expansion of, slavery in the territories. Lincoln pointed out that the Republican stance of the time, regarding this question, was similar to the Founding Fathers and therefore should not alarm Southerners. He urges fellow Republicans not to surrender to Southern demands to recognize slavery as being right, but to "stand by our duty, fearlessly and effectively."[Chicago Press and Tribune Tract, no. 1]

  40. Correspondence between Robert T. Lincoln and Governor Richard Yates
    Correspondance between Robert Lincoln and Governor Richard Yates in 1901 regarding the remodeling of the Lincoln Tomb and other matters. Yates had written to Lincoln that the Commissioners of the Lincoln Monument apparently felt that Abraham Lincoln's body needed to be more secure. Robert Lincoln writes that he had consulted with Chicago architect S. S. Beman who recommended "interment of the coffin in the middle of a large mass of concrete, in which, at proper intervals, are inserted binders of expanded steel metal, the interior of the cavity of the mass of concrete to be secured on all sides and at the top and bottom by steel T irons". Robert Lincoln offers to pay for the cost of the renovation, but Governor Yates respnds that the state will defray the cost using remaining funds from the Lincoln Monument Association.

  41. Declaration in Atwood & Co. v. Shinn & Vittum
    Shinn & Vittum gave Atwood & Co. a promissory note for $762.36 but failed to pay. Atwood & Co. sued Shinn and Vittum in assumpsit seeking $1000 in damages. Declaration was filed May 10, 1838. Additional details about this case may be found in: The Law Practice of Abraham Lincoln: Complete Documentary Edition.

  42. Deposition in Atwood & Co. v. Shinn & Vittum
    Daniel Mifflin states under oath that he is acquainted with the Atwood & Co. of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and that the members of the firm are James Atwood, John M. Atwood and John P. White. Includes summons for Shinn and Vittum to appear in Fulton County Circuit Court in May 1838. Additional details about this case may be found in: The Law Practice of Abraham Lincoln: Complete Documentary Edition.

  43. Description of estray mare and appraisal
    Appraisal of an estray (stray) mare taken up by Jonathan B. Brown of Macon County. It describes the mare as "four years old next spring and a bright bay 14 hands high - a small blaze and a strip in her face - right hind foot whit - right for [sic] foot with a white stripe down the hough and white hairs around the edge of the hough - no brands perceiveable - black mane and tail". The mare was appraised by Lincoln and Reed at thirty dollars. Brown and Reed were Macon County farmers. Additional details about this case may be found in: The Law Practice of Abraham Lincoln: Complete Documentary Edition.

  44. Endorsement of Antrim Campbell as a prosecuting attorney
    Endorsed by eight attorneys. One sheet, Lincoln's signature only. Also includes the letter of resignation of Josephus Hewett to Governor Duncan.

  45. Fee bill, Joseph Kyle and John L. Sinnard
    Sinnard sued Kyle in an action of trespass on the case. Kyle retained Stuart and Lincoln and pleaded not guilty. Stuart and Lincoln received $20 for their legal service. Additional details about this case may be found in: The Law Practice of Abraham Lincoln: Complete Documentary Edition.

  46. Governor Duncan's letter of transmittal on domestic slavery resolutions from other states
    Governor Joseph Duncan transmits the reports and resolutions of several states (regarding the issue of domestic slavery) to the Illinois House of Representatives. [HJ 1836/37, p.134]

  47. Guardian ad litem's answer in Rucker v. Early et al.
    Logan writes the answer of Jacob M. Early, Jr., and George Early, infant heirs of Jacob M. Early who are being sued by Rucker to set aside a conveyance. The answer states that the defendants know nothing of the facts presented in the Bill of Chancery exhibited against them by Rucker. Lincoln, who is the guardian ad litem for Jacob M. Early, Jr., and George Early, signs the answer. Additional details may be found in: The Law Practice of Abraham Lincoln: Complete Documentary Edition.

  48. House joint resolution concerning purchase of unsold federal lands
    Illinois legislature resolves to purchase from the U. S. government all land not sold or disposed of within the state. Illinois proposes to pay twenty-five cents per acre. Two sheets, partially in Lincoln's hand. [HJ 1838/39, p. 225; Laws, 1838/39, p. 300]

  49. Howorth et al. v. McCandless
    McCandless sued Howorth and Allison to collect two promissory notes totaling $329. Howorth and Allison pleaded that they executed the notes as trustees of the McDonough Presbyterian Church and not as individuals. The court ruled for McCandless and awarded $381.84. Howorth and Allison retained Logan and Lincoln and appealed to the Illinois Supreme Court. Logan argued that the court erred in sustaining the demurrer to the defendant's pleas and in making the judgment in debt instead of damages. The parties reached a settlement, and the court dismissed the appeal. Additional details may be found in: The Law Practice of Abraham Lincoln: Complete Documentary Edition. [Lincoln is the author of the abstract, document 5.]

  50. Illinois State Library register of book loans
    The register lists books borrowed from the Illinois State Library. Each entry includes the loan date, return date, book title or description, and name of borrower. Lincoln signs for Logan on the first line on page 2 - December 16, 1842.

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