Illustrative Example: Plaster Tender
47-3015 Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers,
Pipefi tters, and Steamfi tters
Help plumbers, pipefi tters, steamfi tters, or pipelayers
by performing duties of lesser skill. Duties include
using, supplying or holding materials or tools, and
cleaning work area and equipment. Exclude apprentice
workers and report them with the appropriate skilled
construction trade occupation (47-2011 through
47-2221). Exclude construction laborers who do not
primarily assist plumbers, pipefi tters, steamfi tters, or
pipelayers, and classify them under “Construction
Illustrative Examples: Pipe Cutter; Plumber’s Assistant;
Water Main Installer’s Helper
Help roofers by performing duties of lesser skill. Duties
include using, supplying or holding materials or tools,
and cleaning work area and equipment. Exclude ap-prentice
workers and report them with the appropri-ate
skilled construction trade occupation (47-2011
through 47-2221). Exclude construction laborers who
do not primarily assist roofers, and classify them under
“Construction Laborers” (47-2061).
Illustrative Example: Roofer’s Assistant
47-3019 Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other
All construction trades helpers not listed separately.
Illustrative Examples: Cement Mixer; Glazier’s Helper;
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspetors
Inspect structures using engineering skills to de-termine
structural soundness and compliance with
specifi cations, building codes, and other regulations.
Inspections may be general in nature or may be limited
to a specifi c area, such as electrical systems or plumb-ing.
Illustrative Examples: Highway Inspector; Electrical
Inspector; Architectural Inspector
47-4021 Elevator Installers and Repairers
(Escalator Installer) Assemble, install, repair, or maintain
electric or hydraulic freight or passenger elevators,
escalators, or dumbwaiters.
Illustrative Examples: Elevator Mechanic; Hydraulic Eleva-tor
47-4031 Fence Erectors
Erect and repair metal and wooden fences and fence
gates around highways, industrial establishments,
residences, or farms, using hand and power tools.
Illustrative Examples: Wire Fence Builder; Wood Fence
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers
Identify, remove, pack, transport, or dispose of hazard-ous
materials, including asbestos, lead-based paint,
waste oil, fuel, transmission fl uid, radioactive materials,
contaminated soil, etc. Specialized training and certifi -
cation in hazardous materials handling or a confi ned
entry permit are generally required. May operate earth-moving
equipment or trucks.
Illustrative Examples: Asbestos Remover; Irradiated Fuel
Handler; Hazardous Waste Remover
47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers
Maintain highways, municipal and rural roads, airport
runways, and rights-of-way. Duties include patching
broken or eroded pavement, repairing guard rails, high-way
markers, and snow fences. May also mow or clear
brush from along road or plow snow from roadway.
Exclude “Tree Trimmers and Pruners” (37-3013).
Illustrative Examples: Snow Plow Operator; Road Patcher;
Road Sign Installer
47-4061 Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance
Lay, repair, and maintain track for standard or narrow-gauge
railroad equipment used in regular railroad
service or in plant yards, quarries, sand and gravel pits,
and mines. Include ballast cleaning machine operators
and railroad bed tamping machine operators.
Illustrative Examples: Ballast Cleaning Machine Operator;
Track Surfacing Machine Operator; Track Dresser
47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe
Clean and repair septic tanks, sewer lines, or drains. May
patch walls and partitions of tank, replace damaged
drain tile, or repair breaks in underground piping.
Illustrative Examples: Sewage Screen Operator; Septic
Tank Cleaner; Electric Sewer Cleaning Machine Operator
47-4091 Segmental Pavers
Lay out, cut, and paste segmental paving units. Include
installers of bedding and restraining materials for the
Illustrative Examples: Concrete Paver Installer; Interlock-ing
Concrete Pavement Installer
47-4099 Construction and Related Workers, All
All construction and related workers not listed sepa-rately.
Illustrative Examples: Aluminum Pool Installer; Building
47-5011 Derrick Operators, Oil and Gas
Rig derrick equipment and operate pumps to circulate
mud through drill hole.
Illustrative Examples: Rotary Derrick Operator; Well
Service Derrick Worker
47-5012 Rotary Drill Operators, Oil and Gas
Set up or operate a variety of drills to remove petro-leum
products from the earth and to fi nd and remove
core samples for testing during oil and gas exploration.
Illustrative Examples: Cable Tool Operator; Core Driller;
47-5013 Service Unit Operators, Oil, Gas, and
(Fishing Tool Operator) Operate equipment to increase
oil fl ow from producing wells or to remove stuck pipe,
casing, tools, or other obstructions from drilling wells.
May also perform similar services in mining exploration
operations. Include fi shing-tool technicians.
Illustrative Example: Well Cleaner
47-5021 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas
(Auger Operator) Operate a variety of drills--such as
rotary, churn, and pneumatic--to tap sub-surface water
and salt deposits, to remove core samples during
mineral exploration or soil testing, and to facilitate
the use of explosives in mining or construction. May
use explosives. Include horizontal and earth boring
Illustrative Examples: Earth Boring Machine Operator;
Tunneling Machine Operator
47-5031 Explosives Workers, Ordnance Handling
Experts, and Blasters
Place and detonate explosives to demolish structures
or to loosen, remove, or displace earth, rock, or other
materials. May perform specialized handling, storage,
and accounting procedures. Include seismograph
shooters. Exclude “Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas”
(47-5021) who may also work with explosives.
Illustrative Examples: Dynamiter; Explosives Expert; Blast
47-5041 Continuous Mining Machine Operators
Operate self-propelled mining machines that rip coal,
metal and nonmetal ores, rock, stone, or sand from the
face and load it onto conveyors or into shuttle cars in a
47-5042 Mine Cutting and Channeling Machine
Operate machinery--such as longwall shears, plows,
and cutting machines--to cut or channel along the face
or seams of coal mines, stone quarries, or other mining
surfaces to facilitate blasting, separating, or removing
minerals or materials from mines or from the earth’s
surface. Include shale planers.
Illustrative Examples: Coal Cutter; Long Wall Mining
Machine Tender; Shale Planer Operator
47-5049 Mining Machine Operators, All Other
All mining machine operators not listed separately.
Illustrative Examples: Extraction Machine Operator;
Hydraulic Operator; Rock Duster
47-5051 Rock Splitters, Quarry
Separate blocks of rough dimension stone from quarry
mass using jackhammer and wedges.
Illustrative Examples: Quarry Plug and Feather Driller;
47-5061 Roof Bolters, Mining
Operate machinery to install roof support bolts in
47-5071 Roustabouts, Oil and Gas
Assemble or repair oil fi eld equipment using hand and
power tools. Perform other tasks as needed.
Illustrative Examples: Connection Worker; Oil Field
47-5081 Helpers--Extraction Workers
Help extraction craft workers, such as earth drillers,
blasters and explosives workers, derrick operators,
and mining machine operators, by performing duties
of lesser skill. Duties include supplying equipment or
cleaning work area. Exclude apprentice workers and
report them with the appropriate extraction trade oc-cupation
(47-5011 through 47-5099).
Illustrative Examples: Blaster’s Helper; Tunnel Mucker;
47-5099 Extraction Workers, All Other
All extraction workers not listed separately.
Illustrative Examples: Chute Operator; Coal Digger;
Sandfi ll Operator
INSTALLATION, MAINTENANCE, AND REPAIR
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of
Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers
Supervise and coordinate the activities of
mechanics,installers, and repairers. Exclude team or
Illustrative Examples: Marine Service Manager; Ground
Crew Chief; Engine Repair Supervisor
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and
Offi ce Machine Repairers
(Cash Register Servicer) Repair, maintain, or install
computers, word processing systems, automated teller
machines, and electronic offi ce machines, such as
duplicating and fax machines.
Illustrative Examples: ATM Specialist; Computer Installer
49-2021 Radio Mechanics
Test or repair mobile or stationary radio transmitting
and receiving equipment and two-way radio commu-nications
systems used in ship-to-shore communica-tions
and found in service and emergency vehicles.
Illustrative Examples: Radio Electrician; Radio Rigger
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers
and Repairers, Except Line Installers
Set-up, rearrange, or remove switching and dialing
52 Wage Data 2009
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