libraries, schools, colleges and universities, museums,
corporations, government agencies, law fi rms, non-profi
t organizations, and healthcare providers. Tasks
may include selecting, acquiring, cataloguing, classify-ing,
circulating, and maintaining library materials; and
furnishing reference, bibliographical, and readers’ advi-sory
services. May perform in-depth, strategic research,
and synthesize, analyze, edit, and fi lter information. May
set up or work with databases and information systems
to catalogue and access information.
Illustrative Examples: School Library Media Specialist;
25-4031 Library Technicians
(Assistant Librarian, Bookmobile Driver) Assist librar-ians
by helping readers in the use of library catalogs,
databases, and indexes to locate books and other
materials; and by answering questions that require
only brief consultation of standard reference. Compile
records; sort and shelve books; remove or repair
damaged books; register patrons; check materials in
and out of the circulation process. Replace materials
in shelving area (stacks) or fi les. Include bookmobile
drivers who operate bookmobiles or light trucks that
pull trailers to specifi c locations on a predetermined
schedule and assist with providing services in mobile
25-9011 Audio-Visual Collections Specialists
Prepare, plan, and operate audio-visual teaching aids
for use in education. May record, catalogue, and fi le
25-9021 Farm and Home Management Advisors
(Agricultural Extension Agent, Home Economist)
Advise, instruct, and assist individuals and families
engaged in agriculture, agricultural-related processes,
or home economics activities. Demonstrate procedures
and apply research fi ndings to solve problems; instruct
and train in product development, sales, and the
utilization of machinery and equipment to promote
general welfare. Include county agricultural agents,
feed and farm management advisers, home econo-mists,
and extension service advisors.
Illustrative Examples: Feed Adviser; Home Economic
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators
(Curriculum Specialist) Develop instructional mate-rial,
coordinate educational content, and incorporate
current technology in specialized fi elds that provide
guidelines to educators and instructors for developing
curricula and conducting courses. Include educational
consultants and specialists, and instructional material
Illustrative Examples: Director of Instructional Materials;
25-9041 Teacher Assistants
(Teacher Aide) Perform duties that are instructional in
nature or deliver direct services to students or parents.
Serve in a position for which a teacher or another pro-fessional
has ultimate responsibility for the design and
implementation of educational programs and services.
Illustrative Examples: Examination Proctor; Paper Grader;
Paraprofessional Teacher Aide
25-9099 Education, Training, and Library Workers,
All education, training, and library workers not listed
ARTS, DESIGN, ENTERTAINMENT, SPORTS, AND
27-1011 Art Directors
Formulate design concepts and presentation ap-proaches,
and direct workers engaged in art work,
layout design, and copy writing for visual communica-tions
media, such as magazines, books, newspapers,
27-1012 Craft Artists
Create or reproduce hand-made objects for sale and
exhibition using a variety of techniques, such as weld-ing,
weaving, pottery, and needlecraft.
Illustrative Examples: Architectural Modeler; Furniture
Reproducer; Ivory Carver
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters,
Sculptors, and Illustrators
(Cartoonist) Create original artwork using any of a
wide variety of mediums and techniques, such as
painting and sculpture.
Illustrative Examples: Art Restorer; Statue Maker
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators
Create special effects, animation, or other visual images
using fi lm, video, computers, or other electronic tools
and media for use in products or creations, such as
computer games, movies, music videos, and commer-cials.
Illustrative Examples: Computer Artist; Computer Graph-ics
Illustrator; Special Effects Specialist
27-1019 Artists and Related Workers, All Other
All artists and related workers not listed separately.
Illustrative Examples: Art Appraiser; Calligrapher;
Inker and Opaquer
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers
Develop and design manufactured products, such as
cars, home appliances, and children’s toys. Combine
artistic talent with research on product use, market-ing,
and materials to create the most functional and
appealing product design.
Illustrative Examples: Body Stylist; Color Consultant;
27-1022 Fashion Designers
Design clothing and accessories. Create original gar-ments
or design garments that follow well established
fashion trends. May develop the line of color and kinds
Illustrative Examples: Costume Designer; Custom Furrier;
27-1023 Floral Designers
(Florist) Design, cut, and arrange live, dried, or artifi cial
fl owers and foliage.
Illustrative Examples: Corsage Maker; Flower Arranger
27-1024 Graphic Designers
(Graphic Artist) Design or create graphics to meet spe-cifi
c commercial or promotional needs, such as packag-ing,
displays, or logos. May use a variety of mediums to
achieve artistic or decorative effects.
Illustrative Examples: Catalogue Illustrator;
27-1025 Interior Designers
Plan, design, and furnish interiors of residential, com-mercial,
or industrial buildings. Formulate design which
is practical, aesthetic, and conducive to intended pur-poses,
such as raising productivity, selling merchandise,
or improving life style. May specialize in a particular
fi eld, style, or phase of interior design. Exclude “Mer-chandise
Displayers and Window Trimmers” (27-1026).
Illustrative Examples: Decorator; Furniture Arranger;
Home Lighting Adviser
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window
Plan and erect commercial displays, such as those in
windows and interiors of retail stores and at trade
Illustrative Examples: Mannequin Decorator; Display Art-ist;
27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers
Design special exhibits and movie, television, and
theater sets. May study scripts, confer with directors,
and conduct research to determine appropriate archi-tectural
Illustrative Examples: Set Decorator; Stage Scenery
27-1029 Designers, All Other
All designers not listed separately.
Illustrative Examples: Copyist; Frame Stylist
Play parts in stage, television, radio, video, or motion
picture productions for entertainment, information, or
instruction. Interpret serious or comic role by speech,
gesture, and body movement to entertain or inform
audience. May dance and sing.
Illustrative Examples: Elocutionist; Extra; Dramatic Reader
27-2012 Producers and Directors
(Stage Manager) Produce or direct stage, televi-sion,
radio, video, or motion picture productions for
entertainment, information, or instruction. Responsible
for creative decisions, such as interpretation of script,
choice of guests, set design, sound, special effects, and
Illustrative Examples: Independent Film Maker; Program
27-2021 Athletes and Sports Competitors
Compete in athletic events.
Illustrative Examples: Ball Player; Jockey; Racing Car
27-2022 Coaches and Scouts
Instruct or coach groups or individuals in the funda-mentals
of sports. Demonstrate techniques and meth-ods
of participation. May evaluate athletes’ strengths
and weaknesses as possible recruits or to improve the
athletes’ technique to prepare them for competition.
Those required to hold teaching degrees should be
reported in the appropriate teaching category. Exclude
“Athletic Trainers” (29-9091).
Illustrative Examples: Boxing Trainer; Horse Trainer; Base-ball
27-2023 Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports
Offi ciate at competitive athletic or sporting events. De-tect
infractions of rules and decide penalties according
to established regulations. Include all sporting offi cials,
referees, and competition judges.
Illustrative Examples: Handicapper; Paddock Judge;
Athletic Events Scorer
Perform dances. May also sing or act.
Create and teach dance. May direct and stage presen-tations.
Illustrative Example: Dance Director
27-2041 Music Directors and Composers
Conduct, direct, plan, and lead instrumental or vocal
performances by musical groups, such as orchestras,
choirs, and glee clubs. Include arrangers, composers,
choral directors, and orchestrators.
Illustrative Examples: Choirmaster; Orchestra Conductor
27-2042 Musicians and Singers
Play one or more musical instruments or entertain
by singing songs in recital, in accompaniment, or as a
member of an orchestra, band, or other musical group.
Musical performers may entertain on-stage, radio,
TV, fi lm, video, or record in studios. Exclude “Dancers”
Illustrative Examples: Cantor; Church Organist; Instru-mentalist
40 Wage Data 2009
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